Nutrition plays a vital role in wound care and a patient’s overall health. For patients with chronic wounds, doctors try to create an environment that aids in speeding up the healing process. In addition to treatments, the body must be healthy to heal the wound properly. Malnourishment is a serious issue for patients struggling with chronic wounds. For patients with conditions like diabetes, dietary restrictions affect the patient’s caloric intake and can lead to an imbalanced diet. All these factors can impair the wound healing process. Therefore, chronic wound patients need to pay attention to food and nutrition.
What does improper nutrition do the body?
When the body becomes wounded, the body starts losing fluids. Fluids include blood and water. The loss of fluid can lead to dehydration, which may cause the body’s organs to shut down. Often, wounded individuals experience vomiting, sweating, or diarrhea. These conditions lead to further loss of vital nutrients. People with diabetes are prone to tissue damage due to a lack of insulin. The absence of insulin causes protein and collagen loss. The body needs both nutrients to rebuild tissue.
What nutrients will heal wounds?
Proteins and carbohydrates are critical wound-healing nutrients. Carbohydrates give energy to the cells enabling cell repair and growth. Cells also help rid the body of bacteria and other foreign invaders. The body needs protein to repair tissues and produce collagen. The body loses a lot of protein through fluid leakage, so a diet packed with protein will work wonders for chronic wound care. Other minerals like vitamin C, zinc, and vitamin A are also crucial to wound health.
What foods should I eat?
Anyone undergoing wound treatment should eat a balanced diet. Yes, specific vitamins and minerals help with wound healing, but too much of any nutrient can cause problems. The best thing to do is to speak with a healthcare provider or dietitian to discuss the current diet and adding certain foods. Some foods in particular that may help create a more balanced diet include beans, eggs, cheese, whole grains, spinach, kale, and squash.
Speak to a doctor
A doctor can offer the best nutritional advice. Wound care specialists may refer patients to a nutritionist to better manage diet and create meal plans. Schedule an appointment with a specialist today to answer chronic wound care questions.